Walking With Your People
I don’t know about you, but I sometimes really blow it when it comes to listening well. I am too up in my head about what I want to say in response to really hear the other person’s heart. In thirty years of counseling and fifteen years of marriage here is what I’ve have learned:
I can’t listen to respond. I need to listen to understand.
St. Francis of Assisi has a famous quote that helped me greatly years ago when I heard it.
“The heart of the discerning acquires knowledge; the ears of the wise seek it out” (18:15).
“The first to present his case seems right, till another comes forward and questions him” (18:17).
From God’s perspective we see that presumption is no small problem. It brings with it shame and folly.
Who hasn’t jumped to conclusions or given advice too soon? When counseling husbands, myself included, I know we often try to problem solve or respond while our wife sighs in the discouragement of not being heard or understood once again. To be fair, sometimes this happens with a husband who is dreaming out loud and a “lets be practical” wife pops the dream balloon, deflating his hope for sharing his aspirations even if they are a bit outlandish.
We see it in parenting, we see it with roommates, and you can find it in just about every small group. It’s everywhere we enter into relationship with others. So what’s the problem? Why is it so hard to listen well? I have come to believe there are a few universal obstacles to active listening. While I know skill level, time, and even ignorance can be real issues, I think the main reason we don’t listen deeply is because we are way too preoccupied with our own life and perspective.
Three Types of People
Let’s talk about three types of people who have trouble listening. Their names are clueless, careless, and compromising. You’ve met them. Maybe you are one of them…but there is hope coming.
Clueless, careless, and compromising go to your church…they are there every week. They read their Bible. They may even really care about people. But because they are so caught up in their own life and perspective they often have not applied the Scriptures in the area of listening well.
Picture a deep well. There is water at the bottom, but it is a long way down. You can’t see it when you look down into the well, it is dark and deep, but you know there is something to be drawn out if your rope is just long enough. The problem is, often the rope is only about as long as your patience in the moment or limited by the next thing on your agenda. Ask God to extend that rope and you will find a richness and depth to relationships like you have never experienced. Proverbs 20:5 states that the heart of man is deep waters but the man of understanding draws it out. That has impacted my counseling in a significant way. So how long is your rope?
If we agree that listening can be a problem for most of us, then how about some solutions? You have probably heard the saying, “You need to walk in their shoes for a while.” There is truth to that but it is more intentional than just empathy. Counseling is more than giving answers, and listening is not just about information. God’s has created a place of deep fellowship and community. The local church is God’s chosen place for care. So, if the community of believers is the best place to get help, how we care really matters. When it comes to listening remember this:
W A L K – Watch, Ask, Listen, and Know
Watch for sign posts that point to the heart like nonverbal communication and tone. What do you see when they come into the room? Where do they sit? What is their posture like? Are they sighing or fuming? Loud or quiet? What is their facial expression? Do they look you in the eye? Do they use humor appropriately? All these are signs that give you some ways to show concern or make observations by way of questions.
Ask questions that reveal the heart. Don’t assume you know them. Be sure to check out what you think you see or have heard. A great caveat is this: “A question pricks the conscience but an accusation hardens the heart.” Ask questions that get to motives and desires like, “What do you really want? What do you value most? Do you think what you want most is in line with what God wants most for you (James 4:1-6)?” Jesus asked great questions. Do a study on some of His questions as he encountered souls along His path.
Listen to understand first, not just to respond. For me that now looks like a minimum of two hours the first time I counsel someone. I do what I call a life story. Starting with family history from ages 0-12, adolescence 13-18, emerging adulthood 19-22, and on to chapters that are five to ten year increments of their life until the present day. I want to know as much as possible. I ask a ton of questions about relationships, particular times of pain or trauma, their testimony, lies they may have bought into along the way, and where God is in each chapter of their story. Imagine if someone knew your whole life story before they spoke a word into your present situation or heart issue. It not only helps us to ask better questions and give better advice, it shows them that we have time for them and that we care. Which leads us to this…
Know if they are open and teachable. Do they want to get well? When we do an assessment we listen for how severe the issue is for sure, but we don’t make their crisis the focus of our urgency. Our urgency is to get where God is in the moment. What does He have for them in this? Are they willing to look in Scripture for that with us? Can they own their part in getting right or getting well? Finally are they accountable and connected to a healthy community? If we listen well we see what is going on in their heart and life, not by assuming but by drawing out the heart.
The diagram below is a great illustration of the process of listening and drawing out the heart.
Tracing the Fruit to the Root
The fruit or symptoms are sometimes obvious. There are other times when you have to be quite observant to see or discern the heart issues. The trunk of the tree is patterns or themes you hear in their story or if you are part of their life, you see it over time. The roots of the tree represent the heart which is where all things originate (Proverbs 4:23, Luke 6:45). Don’t settle for picking or rearranging fruit. Don’t judge them for being stuck in a pattern of behavior that is sin (Galatians 6:1-2; & 1 Corinthians 6:11). Draw them out and help them see the heart issues driving their behavior.
I commend to you the art of good listening. More importantly, God commands it in His Word. He gives us His Spirit to discern and be sensitive to spiritual things. He gives us the fruit of patience to wait and pause…even during awkward silence. He gives us compassion as he has comforted us in very dark times. He warns us to be clued in, careful, and uncompromising in our care before we counsel.
So, who do you need to listen to? Maybe there is someone you need to ask forgiveness from. Whatever the case, I know I have learned a tremendous amount from seeking to understand before being understood. Practice W-A-L-K and watch your relationships go deeper and your counsel be more effective. May God get the glory as you listen with listen with care and in His Spirit.
Posted on July 25, 2011